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Ingubo yokuveliswa kwamandla elanga anokutshintsha i-silicon

Okwangoku, uhlobo oluthile lokugquma "ngomlingo" lunokusetyenziselwa ukubuyisela "i-silicon" ekuvelisweni kwamandla elanga. Ukuba ifika kwimarike, inokunciphisa ngokubonakalayo iindleko zamandla elanga kwaye izise itekhnoloji ekusetyenzisweni kwemihla ngemihla.

Kusetyenziswa iiphaneli zelanga ukufunxa imitha yelanga, emva koko kusetyenziswa ifotovoltiji, imitha yelanga inokuguqulwa ibe ngamandla ombane - oku kwaziwa njengesixhobo sokuvelisa amandla elanga, esibhekisa kwiiphaneli zelanga zezinto eziphambili “ Isilicon ". Kungenxa yeendleko eziphezulu zokusebenzisa isilicon apho amandla elanga engakhange abe yindlela esetyenziswa ngokubanzi yokuvelisa umbane.

Kodwa ngoku uhlobo oluthile "lomlingo" luye lwaphuhliswa phesheya lungasetyenziselwa ukubuyisela "i-silicon" yokuveliswa kwamandla elanga. Ukuba ifika kwimarike, inokunciphisa ngokubonakalayo iindleko zamandla elanga kwaye izise itekhnoloji ekusetyenzisweni kwemihla ngemihla.

Ijusi yeziqhamo isetyenziswa njengombala

Elinye lamaziko ophando aphambili kwicandelo lamandla elanga yi-MIB-Solar Institute kwiYunivesithi yaseMilan Bicocca, e-Itali, ethi ngoku izame ukugquma amandla elanga abizwa ngokuba yi-DSC Technology.

Itekhnoloji ye-DSC Umgaqo osisiseko weli thambeka lamandla elanga kukusebenzisa i-chlorophyll photosynthesis. Sebenzisa ijusi yazo zonke iintlobo zeziqhamo ukwenza, linda njengejusi yejusi yeblueberry, irasibheri, umdiliya obomvu Imibala efanelekileyo kwepeyinti ibomvu nemfusa.

Iseli yelanga ehamba nokwaleka ikhethekile. Isebenzisa umatshini okhethekileyo wokuprinta ukuprinta i-nanoscale titanium oxide kwitemplate, ethi ke igxunyekwe kwipeyinti ephilayo yeeyure ezingama-24. Xa isambatho sigxunyekwe kwi-titanium oxide, iseli yelanga yenziwa.

Ezoqoqosho, zilungele, kodwa azisebenzi

Ngokwesiqhelo sibona iiphaneli zelanga zifakelwe kwii-eaves, eluphahleni, nje yinxalenye yomgangatho wesakhiwo, kodwa ipeyinti entsha inokusetyenziswa nakweyiphi na indawo yomhlaba wesakhiwo, kubandakanya iglasi, ke ingaphezulu Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, isitayile sangaphandle sazo zonke iintlobo zezakhiwo ezide ezide kwihlabathi liphela zilungele olu hlobo lombane welanga.Thatha isakhiwo se-UniCredit eMilan njengomzekelo. Udonga lwangaphandle luhlala kwindawo enkulu yokwakha. Ukuba ifakwe ipeyinti yokuveliswa kwamandla elanga, kubiza kakhulu kwiindleko zokujonga ukugcina amandla.

Ngendleko, ipeyinti yokwenziwa kwamandla nayo "yezoqoqosho" ngaphezulu kweepaneli. Ukugqunywa kwamandla elanga kubiza isinye kwisihlanu kunesilicon, eyona nto iphambili kwiipaneli zelanga. Yenziwe ngombala wepeyinti kunye ne-titanium oxide, Zombini ezingabizi kwaye zenziwe ngobuninzi.

Inzuzo yokwaleka ayisiyixabiso eliphantsi kuphela, kodwa ikwakhona nokuziqhelanisa nokusingqongileyo kuneepaneli "zesilicon." Isebenza kwimozulu embi okanye iimeko ezimnyama, ezinje ngesibhakabhaka okanye ekuzeni kokusa okanye ngongcwalazi.

Ewe kunjalo, olu hlobo lwesambatho samandla elanga nalo lunobuthathaka, olungahlali nkqo njengebhodi "yesilicon", kwaye ukusebenza kokuncipha kuphantsi. Iiphaneli zelanga zinendawo yokuhlala iminyaka engama-25, abaphandi bathi. Izixhobo zamandla elanga ezifakwe kwiminyaka engama-30 ukuya kwengama-40 eyadlulayo zisasebenza nanamhlanje, ngelixa ubomi bokuyilwa kwepeyinti yamandla elanga yiminyaka eli-10-15 kuphela; Iiphaneli zelanga zisebenza ngokufanelekileyo ngeepesenti ezili-15, kwaye ukutyabeka ngombane kuphantse kube sisiqingatha ngokufanelekileyo, malunga neepesenti ezisi-7.

 


Ixesha lokuposa: Mar-18-2021